SuDS Techniques - Source Control

Infiltration trenches

An infiltration trench is a shallow, excavated trench that has been lined with a geotextile and backfilled with stone to create an underground reservoir. Stormwater runoff flowing into the trench gradually infiltrates into the subsoil. An overflow may be required for extreme rainfalls that exceed the capacity of the reservoir

The performance of the trench depends largely on the permeability of the soil and the depth to the water table. Infiltration trenches usually serve small catchment areas up to 2-3 hectares in common with other source control techniques. The closer they are to the source of the runoff the more effective they will be. The operational life of the trench may be enhanced by providing pre-treatment for the inflow, such as a filter strip, gully or sump pit, to remove excessive solids. Regular maintenance will be required for most pre-treatment designs.

View sites in Wales with a system.

Cyfoeth Naturiol Cymru / Natural Resources Wales Welsh Water / Dwr Cymru Welsh Government / Llywodraeth Cymru Atkins Welsh Local Government Association Consumer Council for Water
Home Builders Federation CIWEM Institute of Civil Engineers